Archive for June, 2014

Action and Expression

June 23, 2014

Why should I be rational?- Part III

<< Part-I, << Part -II

Imagine, there is table in front of you. You placed sugar at one end of the table, honey at the other end and an ant at the center. The ant can make its personal choice of whether to go for sugar or for honey.

Suppose, in addition, the ant has moods- three possible moods- happy, sad and neutral. It’s mood changes randomly between these three at irregular intervals. Like we have an urge to express our feelings, let us assume that this ant too has an urge to express its mood. It has no means of verbal communication to do so; but there is still a way: It is walking towards its choice, honey/sugar. When it feels happy, it stops where ever it is, and takes a few steps towards the honey. When it feels sad, it stops and takes a few steps towards the sugar. When it is neutral, it has nothing to express; it continues walking towards its choice. This is a way to using the walking as a channel of communication to express its mood- just because it has an urge to do so.

Now, as an observer, you don’t know the ants choice- sugar or honey. Neither do you know of its changing moods. There no way to find out the ant’s choice or its mood just by watching it. If at some point, the ant is moving towards the honey, it could either be an action: i.e., it has chosen to get the honey or, it could be an expression of its mood.

So far we have assumed that the ant itself knows which of its movement is an action and which is expression. If it didn’t consciously know, and it tried to judge from its own motion, it would be impossible to do so. The ant doesn’t know what it wants!.
This is an analogy I used to define action and expression. We too use every available channel to express what we feel. And, like the ant, sometimes we ourselves are unable to identify an expression or an action.

This urge to express is one reason behind non trivialities in a language- figures of speech. Many metaphors are born because the mind uses multiple channels to express itself. Abusive terminologies(that claim the untrue 😛 ) are an expression of anger.

However, all these are instances where we consciously know that it is an expression. There are examples where we are unaware of this. A day before every exam, we “decide” to be better prepared next time. But this “decision” never gets acted. :D. This is an instance where the mind uses the process of deciding, as a channel to express that it is repenting. This is often a case where we don’t consciously know that it was an expression and not an action. An action too, is quite common. A decision to turn left while driving, for instance, is an action. It gets enacted without any hassle.

Many of our decisions are mere expressions. Being unable to identify actions and expressions is quite common. While both action and expression are essential, it is important to know which is an action and which is an expression. Before, this, we need to understand all the differences between them.

An action is a thought that is born in the mind and flows out through the body. It can’t be stopped in between, by a purely internal force. The thought is not complete until it is acted. It is a single piece- it can’t be broken in to thinking part, and enacting part. Action belongs to the deterministic part* of the future. Like all other deterministic parts of the future, it already exists in the present as a thought, but is invisible. It becomes visible in the future. Therefore, action is a part of reality. Therefore, questioning an action or an inaction is questioning the existence/non existence of a part of reality- it is an existential question.

An expression is always preceded by a strong emotion, which is to be expressed. It is not a part of reality. So, an obvious way to distinguish between action and expression: if a chain logical deductions leads to visibly absurdity, it is an expression. Expression is itself absurd, but its absurdity is usually invisible. So,, many times, we don’t identify expressions as expressions(like the confused ant). This is a state of illusion. The illusion is broken by a chain of logical deductions starting from it, that reaches an absurdity. We are a part of reality, and everything that we want to call reality must be deducible from it. Expression/ surreal objects can’t replace the reality.

* “the sun will rise up tomorrow” is a deterministic part of the future to our present knowledge

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We are Incomplete

June 23, 2014

Why Should I Be rational?- Part II

<< Part-I

Can man survive all by himself without even the knowledge of the existence of others somewhere? It seems, he can. He can look for food himself. He can fight for his life against predators himself. Our body has a process to fight every challenge to its survival. And such a process has a closed end within the body- it does not involve any other member of the species. In this sense, such processes are complete. We can therefore say we are individuals.

However, there are some processes that are not complete. E.g weeping. Tears are not like a digestive juice, which is produced as a part a complete process- digestion. Another example is screaming.

When a man meets with an accident, and is wounded badly, he screams uncontrollably. This screaming is an involuntary reaction to pain. It does not contribute to healing of the wound. A complete process to heal the wound is initiated separately. It may take days, or may not succeed at all. But screaming is not a part of it. It is an open ended process and not a part of a complete process. It is incomplete.

Incomplete processes are a call for help, to other members of the species who could be around. The human mind is equipped to initiate incomplete processes, which means, it knows that it is not alone. Also, we are tuned to respond, on hearing a call for help from another member of the species. The incomplete process is then completed by a second individual, who receives it. So such a process initiated in us is to be completed by others. Therefore, we are incomplete individuals.

What is the mechanism of the response? I believe, an incomplete process produces the same emotion in the second individual as that of the first, in a much weaker form. For instance, when a man dries in pain, the cry produces the same emotion- pain in a very weak form, in the listener and prompts him to attend for help. When a musician plays on stage, people enjoy by resonating with what he expresses through his music. Thinking is also a sequence of well controlled emotions. When someone lectures a proof in mathematics, he is expressing this sequence. Anyone who understands it essentially resonates with it.

Incomplete processes form a weak link between people. In short, we are wired to both seek empathy from others and to show empathy to others. Resonating with others’ emotion is the most fundamental form of communication. It is the reason why we developed languages, common beliefs, common hope, religion, and finally, civilizations. It is the origin of all surreal objects.

An incomplete process is an expression of one’s feeling to others. I have carefully chosen the term expression here. It is chosen in opposition to action, where in we execute a decision. Expression is born from the urge to communicate what we feel, and ends with communicating it. Following this urge, the human mind attempts to use every available channel of communication as a mode of expression. There are several channels of communication, other than verbal. Two people playing chess, for instance, are intensely communicating with each other through the chess board, even though they don’t speak to or even look at each other. Making a decision can also be used as a channel to communicate. Our mind, by nature, attempts to utilize every such channel to express what it feels.

Part-III >>

Why should I be rational?

June 23, 2014

Part I: Truth and logic

Trying to be rational is placing restrictions on oneself. If I don’t want to be rational, I can be sometimes rational and sometimes irrational :D. Like playing a game without observing its rules, not being rational is easier. So why should anyone try to be rational? One observation is: we are more peaceful when we are rational. This is just an observation, not an answer. Moreover, it could be that it is the other way round: we are rational when we are peaceful :P.

Being rational is a way of accepting the reality. Reality is anything that is either verified through senses, or deduced from another reality(that is verified through senses). A rational argument is a link connecting two realities. Reality is interconnected within, through logical deductions. In other words, the set of realities is closed under deductions. Therefore, no untrue statements can be deduced starting from a true statement. Also, starting from an untrue premises, some deductions will be untrue. Some of them might be visibly absurd, and this way, deduction can be used to identify untrue statements. Thus, logic is used to keep our self within reality.

Therefore, the question really is, why should I restrict myself to reality?. Is it possible to live totally in an imagination, by believing it is true?. If not, what is the role of imagination? Also, why do we feel more peaceful when rational?

To answer these questions, we need to understand the origin and nature of all surreal objects that we can think of. I have broken my thoughts on this in to two other posts, due to its length :D.

Part -II >> , Part-III >>


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